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Ampliar
 Buscador de Noticias
Asia 13/09/2020

India: What are the different varieties of potato grown in the country?

In India, potato is grown in almost all the states for the last 300 years or maybe even more than that.

Following are the varieties of potato produced in India.

1. Kufri Sindhuri- This variety of potato is mainly grown in Bihar, Gujrat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Jammu Kashmir. This potato crop matures in 110-120 days. This potato can tolerate temperature and water stress at some extent. Medium and deep round eyes. This is moderately resistant to early blight and can tolerate Potato Leaf Roll Virus. Average yield of this potato is 40 tonnes per hectare.

This potato is suitable for processing.

2. Kufri Chandramukhi- Mostly grown in Bihar, Gujrat, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. This potato crop matures in 80-90 days. Large, oval, white, slightly flattened, fleet eyes and dull white flesh. Average yield of this potato is 25 tonnes per hectare.

This potato is suitable for making instant flakes and chips.

3. Kufri Jyoti- Mostly grown in Bihar, Maharashtra, Gujrat, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and West Bengal. Large and oval in shape and fleet eyes and, white flesh. Average yield of this potato is 20 tonnes per hectare. This potato is moderately resistant to early and late blight disease.

This potato is suitable for processing purpose.

4. Kufri Lauvkar- Mainly grown in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. Large and round in shape with fleet eyes and white flesh. Yields faster in warm climate. Average yield is about 30 tonnes per hectare.

This potato is suitable for making chips.

5. KufriBadshah- Mostly grown in Jammu Kashmir, Haryana, Punjab, Gujrat, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. This potatao crop matures in 100-110 days. Average yield is about 50 tonnes per hectare.

This potato is suitable for cooking.

6. KufriBahar- Mostly grown in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir. Large and round-oval in shape with medium deep eyes. This potato crop matures in 100-110 days. Average yield of this potato is about 45 tonnes per hectare.

This potato is suitable for cooking or table purpose.

7. KufriLalima- This potato crop is mostly grown in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Large to medium in size and slightly red colour with medium deep eyes and white flesh. This potato crop matures in 100-110 days and average yield is about 40 tonnes per hectare. This potato is moderately resistant to early blight and resistant to Potato Virus Y.

This potato is not suitable for processing.

8. Kufri Jawahar- Mainly grown in Haryana, Punjab, Gujrat, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. Medium in size and round-oval shape and creamy white colour with fleet eyes and pale yellow flesh. This potato crop matures in 80-90 days. And average yield is about 40 tonnes per hectare. This potato is moderately resistant to late blight disease.

This potato is suitable for cooking/table purpose.

9. Kufri Sutlej- This crop is mostly grown in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. Large and oval in shape with fleet eyes and white flesh. This potato crop matures in 90-100 days and yield is about 40 tonnes per hectare. This potato is moderately resistant to late blight disease.

This potato is suitable for table purpose/cooking.

10.  Kufri Ashoka- Mostly grown in Bihar, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Large and oval-long in shape with fleet eyes and white flesh. This potato crop matures in 70-80 days and average yield is about 40 tonnes per hectare.

This potato is suitable for table purpose.

11. Kufri Pukhraj- Mostly grown in Bihar, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. Large, oval and slightly tapered in shape with fleet eyes and yellow flesh. This potato crop matures in 70-90 days and average yield is about 40 tonnes per hectare. This potato is resistant to early bight disease and moderately resistant to late blight disease.

This potato is suitable for table purpose.

12. Kufri Chipsona-1- Mostly grown in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Medium to large size and oval in shape with fleet eyes and dull white flesh. This potato crop matures in 90-110 days and average yield is about 40 tonnes per hectare. This potato is resistant to late blight disease and tolerant to frost.

This potato is suitable for making chips and French fries.

13. Kufri Chipsona-2- Mostly grown in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Medium in size and round oval shape with fleet eyes and yellow flesh. This potato crop matures in 90-110 days and average yield is about 35 tonnes per hectare. This potato is resistant to late blight disease and tolerant to frost.

This potato is suitable for preparing chips and French fries.

14. Kufri Anand- Mostly grown in plains Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Medium size and oval-long and flattened in shape with fleet eyes, smooth skin and white flesh. This potato crop matures in 100-110 days and yield is about 35-40 tonnes per hectare.

This potato is suitable for making French fries.

And one more variety is introduced in recent years, Kufri Lima. It can bear high temperature and is virus resistant and give higher yield in compare to other potato varieties.

Fuente: krishijagran.com


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